Plants serve as one of the best decorations of the environmenthuman habitation, but do not take them only as a decoration. Indoor plants provide us with oxygen, purify the air of the room and serve as a filter of harmful substances. Just a few plants will significantly purify the air, allowing us to enjoy a fresh and light atmosphere in the house.
On the streets of the city there is a constantair pollution by harmful chemicals. And all of them, directly, get into our homes. Therefore, the use of indoor plants is invaluable to humans. We take care of them, and they in turn repay us the same.
So let's talk about how to properly care for our little friends:
Do plants need fertilizer?
The answer is yes! Definitely. When to feed home plants? The most suitable time for this is spring and summer. It is also a desirable procedure after transplantation, but only after two months.
It is not advised to feed sick plants. It is necessary to give them time to heal and only after using organic or mineral fertilizers. But which fertilizers to choose - organic or mineral? In fact, you will not find a specific answer. Since there is still no unequivocal opinion on this issue. The assortment of fertilizers is extensive. And it is you who choose what your plants will eat. The main thing is to follow the instructions clearly.
How often is it necessary to spray plants?
Plants like water, and droplets serve thema charge of vivacity and additional energy. Especially it is necessary for them when the hot season comes and the intense heat dries up all the moisture. In this case, spraying will not be superfluous even 2-3 times a day.
But we must remember that there are still plants that do not accept spraying, for example, violets - such care will cause them harm.
When and how to properly water the plants?
The first thing to note in this case isthe fact that water should be at room temperature. Do not resort to any complex methods of water treatment, the more it does not need to boil. Then the measure of the plant's need for water should be determined. After all, it depends on many factors - lighting, plant species, temperature, etc.
If the roots or the bulb are visible from the ground, in no case should they be filled with water. Otherwise they will rot and the poor plant will disappear.
In summer we water the plants in the evening (abundantly), and in the cold season - in the morning.
Do plants need additional cleaning?
Of course they do. Dust falls heavily on their leaves, interfering with the process of photosynthesis and transpiration. Once in 1-2 weeks, you should arrange a so-called "bath day" with a houseplant. Vases with smooth leaves are wiped with a wet sponge. But for "fluffy" leaves, a soft brush is best. Remember, do not wash a healthy and diseased plant with the same sponge. Otherwise, the infection can spread. When the plants dry after cleaning, wipe the pot and wash the pan. This is necessary not only for the sake of cleanliness in the house. The plant itself needs this care, which accompanies its growth and health.
Transplant: when is it needed?
Further, there are indications on which it is easy to determine when a plant is requesting a transplant:
- if the growth of the plant has stopped;
- excess of roots (peep out of the soil and drainage hole);
- if the growth of the plant is much larger than the size of the pot and after watering the vase is unstable;
Most plant transplantation is carried out during the periodintensive growth, namely - from spring to autumn. The pot is chosen 1-2 sizes larger than the previous one. And we transplant it the next day after the evening watering.
All life processes of the plant occur onlyin the light. That is why there is no in the nature of shade-loving plants. All plants are divided into light-loving and shade-tolerant. If the plant does not have enough light, it will start with all its strength to reach its source. New leaves of such a plant will be much smaller, and will have a painful appearance. And flowering plants, in case of insufficient illumination, will simply start to drop flowers, and new buds will not appear. If you notice similar symptoms in your green pets, change their habitat.
Treatment and prevention
There are many fungi, diseases, rot andPests that can harm your pets. And it is very important to recognize the diseased plant in time and in advance, and take the necessary measures. A variety of pests - aphids, mites, microscopic worms and nematodes.
Among the most common diseases are the rootrot, powdery mildew, fungus and chlorosis. Both diseases and pests appear only on weakened plants. And this means that care for them was wrong or not effective enough. To protect your pets, there is an extensive selection of therapeutic and prophylactic drugs that are now available in all specialty stores.
In fact, the longer the plant is used inkind of room, the better its adaptation to the dwelling of a person and his conditions. As mentioned earlier, most plants come from the tropics and subtropics, and therefore the room environment is similar to the environment of their usual habitat. But still need to monitor the drafts, especially if the window is winter. Many plants react very painfully to cold air currents, which can lead to their disease. And there are other varieties of plants that need a rest period. It is for such plants, for the period of sleep, it is possible to create cooler conditions, with a reduction in the irrigation regime.
Almost all plants like moist air. And while you need to remember the "golden rule" - the higher, the less moisture. Therefore, it is necessary to place above those plants that can safely carry the drought. And the thicker the composition, the longer the moisture remains in the center. But we must not forget that excess moisture has to the appearance of harmful microorganisms.
Experts recommend to multiply domestic plants in spring and early summer. But there are species of plants that better tolerate this process in the fall.
The main methods of plant reproduction are the division of rhizomes, cuttings and sowing of seeds.
The division of rhizomes (as well as bulbs) is propagateddirectly during the transplant. Cut off pieces of roots must necessarily be with a stem, leaves or at least with kidneys. Places of slices are usually sprinkled with coal and caring for the plant under the same conditions.
Cuttings propagation is the most common way of reproduction of indoor plants. And he, in turn, is divided into subdivisions - apical, stem, middle and leaf.
It's time to fall, when domesticated plantsbegin to enter the house. Watering and top dressing of plants reduce. The exception is the flowering flowerpots, which continue to need moisture and nutrition. Most plants during this period pass to the resting stage, and this suggests that they should not be transplanted, even if the pot is already too small.
In any case, every plant needs its ownspecial care. A certain place in the room, in which the plant will receive sunlight exactly as much as it needs. Create good conditions for the plant, and take care of it with love. And then it will thank you every day with reciprocal care, and with the beauty of its appearance.